Bougainvillea glabra is one of the most popular ornamental and landscaping plants planted in tropical and subtropical regions. The brightly colored bracts, long florescence and strong stress resistance make


Evergreen climbing shrub with thick spiny stems and drooping branches that are glabrous or sparsely hairy. The leaves have stalks 3 to 10 mm (1⁄8 to 3⁄8 in) long. The leaf blades are ovate to ovate-lanceolate, pointed or short-pointed, 5-13 cm long and 3-6 cm wide, sparsely hairy on the underside and above. Bald. The leaf-like bracts are purple, oblong or elliptical, pointed, 65–90 mm (2+1⁄2–3+1⁄2 in) long and about 50 mm (2 in) wide. is. They tower over the flowers. They grow individually in pairs or in groups of three on flower stalks about 3.5 millimeters long. The crown tube is greenish, distinctly angled, about 2 cm long, sparsely pubescent, ribbed, and directed away from the peduncle. The tip is five-lobed and forms a short, widening white or yellowish hem. The 6-8 stamens are 8-13 mm long. The ovary is about 2 mm long, the needle is 1 mm, and the scar is 2.5 mm. It usually grows 3 to 3.5 m (10 to 12 ft) tall, sometimes up to 9 m (30 ft). They usually appear in clusters of small white flowers surrounded by colorful paper-like bracts, hence the name paper flowers. The leaves are dark green, variable in shape and up to 100 mm (4 in) long. The flowers are about 0.4 cm in diameter (the pink petal-like structures are bracts, not petals).



B. glabra is heat and drought tolerant and frost sensitive. Easily propagated by cuttings. Good flowering requires plenty of sunlight, warm weather, and well-drained soil. This species is often used culturally in frosty areas of glass houses and otherwise outdoors. A similar plant, Bougainvillea spectabilis, is also grown, but differs from Bougainvillea glabra in that the underside of the leaves is velvety felt, but is grown less frequently.


Due to its medical importance, infusions of the tender leaves and bracts of this plant are used to treat gastrointestinal problems (diarrhea, abdominal pain) and respiratory ailments (asthma, bronchitis, catarrh, chest pain, fever, pneumonia, whooping cough). Used orally

Bougainvillea Watering

When it comes to watering, bougainvillea is fairly drought-tolerant once established. Keep your Bonsai always damp,  don’t over-water. The soil should be well-drained, helping to prevent rot.